Hemp Sativa: Using the term Hemp – or Cannabis – to indicate a plant that has always represented a precious resource for man is too generic. Marijuana, weed, Cannabis light, Indica or Sativa, therapeutic, light drug or Legal Hemp are just some of the terms that we have heard to refer to different uses or varieties of Hemp. Let’s do some clarity!
Hemp Sativa has always represented a precious resource for man
Hemp is one of the most surprising plants that nature has given us, which has always been cultivated by man and exploited for its multiple uses and properties.
Finally, after decades of prejudice, its therapeutic (medical cannabis) and beneficial (hemp sativa) properties have also been recognized at an institutional level.
Cannabis: The three great families
Cannabis is commonly divided into 3 types, each with different characteristics and uses: Indian Hemp or Marijuana, Cannabis Ruderalis and Cannabis Sativa .
Indian Cannabis (Indian Hemp or Marijuana)
Indian Hemp is one of the most potent cannabis strains; depending on the cultivation method, THC levels can exceed 25%.
Sturdy and easy to grow, it does not exceed 1.5 meters in height and is characterized by its typical “Christmas tree” shape. Indian hemp produces large flowers, called “tops”, very dense and with the cups piled on top of each other.
Indian Hemp has developed in mountainous or high hill locations (eg: Nepal, northern India); all varieties tolerate small climatic stresses without problems. It has a woody trunk and is therefore not suitable for the textile industry. For these applications, hemp varieties of the “Sativa” family are used.
Cannabis Sativa (Hemp Sativa, the legal hemp)
Hemp Sativa or Cannabis Sativa is a very tall plant (over 1.5 m) with shorter branches than Indian hemp and developed in tropical areas (Caribbean, islands of Thailand).
In particular, Sativa refers to all varieties of cannabis hybridized and stabilized by man for industrial purposes. There are many more inflorescences in Cannabis Sativa than in Cannabis Indica but they are less compact and resinous.
Hemp Sativa is also known for its fibers, which are used to make garments and many other products of the textile industry. The use of the fibers of Hemp Sativa (derived from the stem of the plant) for the production of paper has also recently been resumed.
A single Hemp Sativa plant can produce 1.5 kg or more of dry flowers. Cannabis Sativa flowers have a low concentration of THC (and therefore no doping power), unlike Indian hemp, but good concentrations of Cannabidiol (CBD) .
The beneficial properties of Hemp Sativa are due to the presence in its flower of the active ingredient CBD (Cannabidiol) and the very low level of THC .
Most of the scientific publications on the effects of cannabinoid CBD have been conducted almost exclusively over the last 5 years and summarized in the report published in 2018 by the World Health Organization ( cannabidiol critical report Meeting 4-7 June 2018 (WHO)).
Hence the interest of medical and pharmacological research on the properties of CBD, also reproduced by synthesis and used in cosmetics. Research has focused on neurological and physiological disorders , including muscle pain .
CBD, in different concentrations, is a natural remedy able to relieve pain, inflammation, anxiety, stress to which sleep disorders are often connected .
The main beneficial properties of Legal Hemp Sativa
In recent years, medical-scientific research has been particularly active on the research and analysis of the benefits of CBD present in Legal Hemp, Sativa Hemp with THC concentrations lower than 0.3%.
In particular, the main beneficial actions of CBD also present in the flowers of Legal Cannabis appear to be, according to The British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, vol. 75, n. 2, 1 February 2013 :
- Pain reliever
Additional benefits of CBD (as reported by the WHO and the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology ) are:
- Reduces anxiety
- Relief from the pains of fibromyalgia
- Relieves pain in general
- Promotes recovery from sports pain post-workout
- Helps fight insomnia (natural sleeping pill), restoring the natural wake-sleep cycle
- Relieves headache
- Soothes muscle inflammation
- Relieves muscle spasms and convulsions
- Soothes joint inflammation
- Reduces stress anxiety
- Relieves skin oxidations with topical applications
- Promote appetite
- Generate relief from vomiting and nausea
- Reduce small bowel contractions
- Increase the effectiveness of the immune system
- Reduce the craving for nicotine
We remind you that the different percentages of CBD contained in the extracts are functional for well-being disorders based on their nature.